Brief history of Cameroon:
The Republic of Cameroon is a country located in Central and West Africa, bordering the Bight of Bonny, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is surrounded by ‘hot bed’ of neighbours such as Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of Congo to the South, Nigeria to the west, Central Africa Republic (CAR) to the east, and Chad to the northeast. It is slightly larger than the U.S State of California, making it the world’s 53rd –largest country (Mbuli 2009; Delancey et al 2010 p.1). It has a variety of climatic conditions and agricultural environment, substantial forest and rich natural resources including petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber and hydropower (Delancey et al 2010; CIA 2014).
Cameroon has an unusual colonial past, it endured three colonial rulers; Germany, France, and Britain. France and Britain were handed over the colony by the League of Nations after the defeat of Germany in World War I. France occupied about 80 per cent of the colony and Southern Cameroon which makes up about 20 per cent of the general population was mandated to Britain to be ruled as part of Nigeria from Lagos as a “colony of a colony” (KPMG 2012 p.5). Cameroon gained its independence from France and Britain on January 1960 and October 1961 respectively. However unification of English and French Cameroon to form the Republic of Cameroon was only achieved in May 1972 by the first President of Cameroon Ahmadou Ahidjo who ruled the country with an iron fists until 1982 (Njeuma1989; Fanso 1989).
Cameroon has been described as a semi-democratic state. It is divided into 10 regions for administrative convenience after a presidential decree of 2008 changed ’provinces’ to ’regions’ (Mbuli 2009). Like the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Cameroon has about 250 ethnic groups with about 24 African languages. Religion is spread between indigenous beliefs (40%), Christians (40%), and a minority Muslim (20%) population mainly in the north (CNN Africa 2013; CIA 2014; Delancey et al 2010).
The population of Cameroon is currently estimated to be about 23.130 million with a literacy rate of almost 71.3% making it one of the most literate countries in Africa. It has one of the richest and most diverse wildlife in the continent and a dream land for tourists. All these characteristics have earned Cameroon the acronym ‘Africa in miniature’ or “Little Africa” (CIA 2014; Delancey et al 2010). This divergence is good for tourism and could make Cameroon the leader of Africa but it has resulted in complications and friction along historical; ethnic; religious; and linguistic lines all, down severe corruption; reported human rights abuses; and poor management of national resources. Worst of all Cameroon has been described by Freedom House as ‘not free’ (Freedom House 1998-2013).
Boko Haram in Cameroon:
The spread of Boko Haram into Cameroon since 2013 has left experts coming forward with varied reasons. Some have attributed it to cultural ties, common religion, common tribes, porous borders, corruption, ungoverned space, lack of collaboration between both states in intelligence sharing, demography and the natural spillover effect.
Recently, tensions in the North of Cameroon due to the deadly activities of Boko Haram including Kidnappings, suicide bombings, assaults, looting, and targeted assassinations has attracted local, regional, and international attention and concerns of further infiltration into the Christian dominated South and particularly in areas like Douala and Yaounde. Addressing the motivation, capability and opportunity for the radicalisation of young men and women to extremists and potential terrorist in the Northern regions of Cameroon and beyond is the focus of TGS. Our experts have a great understanding of the ‘preconditions’ and ‘precipitants’ that determine the likely occurrence of an attack of Islamic terrorism in Cameroon. The former sets the stage for terrorism to occur in the long run while the latter are immediate events that happen before terrorism can occur in the short term
Our service to Cameroon:
In the fight against global terrorism, TGS experts will support Cameroon design and implement a tailored Counter Terrorism Strategy (CONTEST) utilising our unique 5 Ps tailored solutions.
TGS’s 5 Ps tailored solution derives lessons from the Western model of Pursue, Protect, Prepare and Prevent; and customises this to the African context using a unique Project analysis approach to design local solutions. This approach combines predictive analysis of trends and forecasts with the perspectives and imagination of local actors.
The result is a comprehensive programme with designed-in links between Local authorities, Regions, and State Government, and an effective engagement of critical institutions and communities.
TGS unique approach exploits all the pitfalls of current programs that have yielded varied degrees of success in Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Israel, Germany and United Kingdom. We specialize in building locally designed solutions that are multi-faceted and tailored to meet individual, regional, and national needs.
The overall vision is to :
TGS will increase the ability of Cameroon to defeat Boko Haram, Ansaru and others using all counter terrorism measures effectively.
Unite the people of Cameroon beyond religious, linguistic, political, ethnic, and regional grounds.
Enhance the role of Cameroon in defining counter terrorism solutions within the state, the surrounding region and the internationally domain.
TGS experts understand that the failure of imagination rather than the failure of intelligence accounts for the lack of success that current counter terrorism programs have achieved so far.We believe that successful counter terrorism strategies require designed-in links between Enforcement, Intervention and Prevention programmes that reflect individual to State needs in Cameroon.
If you require update risks assessment on Cameroon please contact us